<Home> <Environmental Protection in Islam>

IUCN-The World Conservation Union

Founded in 1948, IUCN -The World Conservation Union -is a membership organisation comprising governments, non-governmental organisations (NGOs), research institutions, and conservation agencies in more than 100 countries. The Union's objective is to promote and encourage the protection and sustainable util isation of living resources.

Several thousand scientists and experts from all continents form part of a network it supporting the work of its six Commissions: threatened species, protected areas, ecology, environmental strategy and planning, environmental law , and environmental education and communication. Its thematic programmes include forest conservation, wetlands, marine ecosystems, plants, as well as population and natural resources. These activities enable IUCN and its members to develop sound policies and programmes for the conservation of biological diversity and sustainable use of natural resources.

MEPA -The Meteorology and Environmental
Protection Administration

Founded in 1981, MEPA -The Meteorology and Environmental Protection Administration -was created as the central organisation for all environmental protection and management activities in Saudi Arabia in addition to its role as the National Meteorological Agency. Its responsibilities are to create and carry out programmes to conserve, improve, and protect natural resources and the environment, as well as to control air, water, and land pollution.

These protection activities are to be directed at enhancing "the health, safety and welfare of the people and to promote their overall economic and social well-being". MEPA's functions are to conduct environmental surveys, recommend regulations and other measures, assess levels of environmental pollution, stay abreast of regional and international developments in environmental protection, and establish standards and specifications.

Environmental Protection in Islam

Second Revised Edition
Dr. Abubakr Ahmed Bagader
Dr. Abdullatif Tawfik El-Chirazi El-Sabbagh
Dr. Mohamad As-Sayyid Al-Glayand
Dr. Mawil Yousuf Izzi-Deen Samarrai
in collaboration with
Othman Abd-ar-Rahman Llewellyn

IUCN Commission on Environmental Law
Meteorology and Environmental Protection Administration (MEPA)
of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
IUCN Environmental Policy and Law Paper No.20 Rev.
IUCN- The World Conservation Union UICN- Union mondiale pour la nature 1994

Table of Contents

 Preface & Acknowledgements to First Edition

 Preface & Acknowledgements to Second Edition

  Section One:  A General Introduction to Islam's Attitude
Toward the Universe, Natural Resources, and the Relation Between Man and Nature

  Section Two: Protection and Conservation of the Basic Natural Resources

1. Water
2. Air
3. The Land and Soil
4. Plants and Animals

  Section Three:  Protection of Man and the Environment from the Harmful Impacts  of Products and Processes Generated by Man.

1. Wastes, Exhausts, Cleansing Materials and Other Toxic and Harmful Substances
2. Pesticides
3. Radioactive Substances
4. Noise
5. Intoxicants and Other Drugs
6. Natural Catastrophes

  Section Four: Legislative Principles, Policies, and Institutions of Islamic Law which Govern the Procedures and Measures for the Protection and Conservation of the Environment

1. The Mandate of the Individual                                    
2. Principles Governing Public Policy and Legislation in Islam
3. The Mandate of the Governing Authorities
4. Islamic Institutions for the Conservation and Sustainable Development of Natural Resources

  Section Five: Conclusions


Environmental Health - An Islamic Perspective - by Dr. M.H. Khayat

United Nations Environement Programme

Danger in the Air - Press Release WHO/56, 14 September 2000.

Air Pollution - Fact Sheet NO. 187, Revised September 2000.